New Orleans U.S. city, the largest in the state of Louisiana, at the confluence of the Mississippi in the Gulf of Mexico, according to the 2000 census, there were 484,674 inhabitants. After a devastating hurricane "Katrina" in autumn 2005 its population has declined to statistics was 311,853 inhabitants in 2008 and 343,829 in 2010. The territory of modern New Orleans was discovered by the Spanish in the early XVI century. However, in about 1680 it took over the French, who started the colonization of the southern provinces of the Mississippi Valley. One after another, there are St. Louis, Fort Arkansas, and in 1718 a very important geographically Port Nouvelle Orleans. The old center of the modern city is known as the French quarter.
The city was founded by order of the governor of Louisiana, Jean Baptiste de Benvilya and named after Philippe d'Orleans, regent of France during the minority of Louis XV. In 1763, completed a colonial war, which resulted in a year later, the French city of inferior Spaniards. In 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte presented his claim to the Spanish New Orleans. Over the next three years, no one here knew who had really belonged to the city. In 1803, the First Consul sells U.S. city, New Orleans, so that falls under the influence of the Protestant culture, the very opposite of that which prevailed there before.
In 1803 the city's population numbered 10,000 inhabitants. Half of them were of European origin, and the second half consisted of African slaves and their descendants. After the accession of the United States begins there robust economic growth. In a short time the city's population doubles, it turns into a major river port and commercial center.